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Louis Comfort Tiffany - New World Encyclopedia
Louis Comfort Tiffany
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Louis Comfort Tiffany
Born
February 18, 1848
Died
January 17, 1933 (aged 84)
Spouse(s)
Mary Woodbridge Goddard (c.1850-1884)
Louis Comfort Tiffany (February 18, 1848 – January 17, 1933) was an American artist and designer who worked in the decorative arts and is best known for his work in stained glass. Tiffany is the American artist most associated with the Art Nouveau and Aesthetic movements. Tiffany was affiliated with a prestigious collaborative of designers known as the Associated Artists which included Lockwood de Forest, Candace Wheeler, and Samuel Colman. Tiffany designed stained glass windows and lamps, glass mosaics, blown glass, ceramics, jewelry, enamels and metalwork. His surviving works memorialize his talents and his many pieces have inspired countless subsequent designers.
Contents
1 Personal life
2 Career
3 Death
4 Legacy
5 Societies
6 Tiffany stained glass windows
7 Tiffany lamps
8 See also
9 Notes
10 References
11 Further reading
12 External links
13 Credits
Personal life
Louis was the son of Charles Lewis Tiffany, founde hfshcjll. tiffanys earrings r of Tiffany and Company; and Harriet Olivia Avery Young. Louis married Mary Woodbridge Goddard (c. 1850-1884) on May 15, 1872, in Norwich, Connecticut and had the following children: Mary Woodbridge Tiffany (1873-1963) who married Graham Lusk; Charles Louis Tiffany I (1874-1874); Charles Louis Tiffany II (1878-1947); and Hilda Goddard Tiffany (1879-1908). After the death of his wife, he married Louise Wakeman Knox (1851-1904) on November 9, 1886. They had the following children: Louise Comfort Tiffany (1887-1974); Julia DeForest Tiffany (1887-1973) who married Gurdon S. Parker then married Francis Minot Weld; [1] Annie Olivia Tiffany (1888-1892); and Dorothy Trimble Tiffany (1891-1979).
He went to school at the Eagleswood Military Academy in Perth Amboy, New Jersey. His first artistic training was as a painter, studying under George Inness and Samuel Colman in New York City, and L?on Bailly in Paris.
Career
Louis Comfort Tiffany started out as a painter. He became interested in glassmaking from about 1875 and worked at several glasshouses in Brooklyn between then and 1878. In 1879, he joined with Candace Wheeler, Samuel Colman and Lockwood de Forest to form Louis Comfort Tiffany and Associated American Artists . Tiffany's leadership and talent, as well as by his father's money and connections, led this business to thrive.
A desire to concentrate on art in glass led to the breakup of the firm in 1885, when Tiffany chose to establish his own glassmaking firm later that same year. The first Tiffany Glass Company was incorporated on December 1, 1885, which in 1902 became known as the Tiffany Studios.
The Holy City (1905) – St. John's vision on the isle of Patmos. Having 58 panels, this window is said to be one of the largest made by the Tiffany Studios. It is located at Brown Memorial Presbyterian Church (Baltimore, Maryland), which has eleven Tiffany windows.
In the beginning of his career, Tiffany used cheap jelly jars and bottles because they had the mineral impurities that finer glass lacked. When he was unable to convince fine glassmakers to leave the impurities in, he began making his own glass. Tiffany used opalescent glass in a variety of colors and textures to create a unique style of stained glass. This can be contrasted with the method of painting in glass paint or enamels on colorless glass that had been the dominant method of creating stained glass for several hundred years in Europe. (The First Presbyterian Church building of 1905 in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania is unique in that it uses Tiffany windows that partially make use of painted glass.) Use of the colored glass itself to create stained glass pictures was motivated by the ideals of the Arts and Crafts movement and its leader William Morris in England. Fellow artist and glassmaker John La Farge was one of Tiffany's chief competitors, along with Oliver Kimberly and Frank Duffner of The Duffner and Kimberly Company, in this new American style of stained glass. Tiffany, La Farge, and Kimberly had learned their craft at the same glasshouses in Brooklyn in the late-1870s.
In 1893 Tiffany built a new factory, called the Stourbridge Glass Company, later called Tiffany Glass Furnaces, which was located in Corona, Queens, New York. In 1893, his company also introduced the term, Favrile in conjunction with his first production of blown glass at his new glass factory. Some early examples of his lamps were exhibited in the 1893 World's Fair in Chicago.
He trademarked Favrile (from the old French word for handmade) on November 13, 1894. He later used this word to apply to all of his glass, enamel and pottery. Tiffany's first commercially produced lamps date from around 1895. Much of his company's production was in making stained glass windows and Tiffany lamps, but his company designed a complete range of interior decorations. At its peak, his factory employed more than 300 artisans.
He used all his skills in the design of his own house, the 84-room Laurelton Hall, in Oyster Bay, Long Island, completed in 1905. Later this estate was donated to his foundation for art students along with 60 acres (243,000 m?) of land, sold in 1949, and was destroyed by a fire in 1957.
The Charles Hosmer Morse Museum of American Art in Winter Park, Florida houses the world's most comprehensive collection of the works of Louis Comfort Tiffany, including Tiffany jewelry, pottery, paintings, art glass, leaded-glass windows, lamps, and the chapel interior he designed for the 1893 World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago. After the close of the exposition, a generous benefactor purchased the entire chapel for installation in the crypt of the Cathedral of Saint John the Divine, New York in New York City. As construction on the cathedral continued, the chapel fell into disuse, and in 1916, Tiffany removed the bulk of it to Laurelton Hall. After the 1957 fire, the chapel was rescued by Hugh McKean, [2] a former art student in 1930 at Laurelton Hall, and his wife Jeannette Genius McKean, [3] and now occupies an entire wing of the Morse Museum which they founded. Many glass panels from Laurelton Hall are also there; for many years some were on display in local restaurants and businesses in Central Florida. Some were replaced by full-scale color transparencies after the museum opened. A major exhibit at New York's Metropolitan Museum of Art on Laurelton Hall opened in November 2006. A new exhibit at the New-York Historical Society displayed through May 28, 2007, featured new information about the women who worked for Tiffany and their contribution to designs credited to Tiffany.
Tiffany maintained close ties with the family firm. The Tiffany Company sold many products produced by the studios. He became Artistic Director of Tiffany & Co. after his father's death in 1902. The Tiffany Studios remained in business until 1932.
Death
He died on January 17, 1933, and was buried in Greenwood Cemetery in Brooklyn, New York.
Legacy
Tiffany is remembered for his contributions to the world of art and design. He was one of the first to experiment with fine glass that contained impurities and would convince others to work with such, as well. His pieces were initially novel because of his use of colored and textured glass rather than clear glass painted after being created. Tiffany was famous for his unique window and lamp designs, though he also fabricated many other pieces of home decor. He was a pioneer in the field of decorative glass and his work has continued to inspire those who have followed him. His legacy lives on in the pieces he created, many of which are displayed at various museums and galleries.
Societies
Society of American Artists in 1877
National Academy of Design in 1880
American Water Color Society
Societ? des Beaux Arts
Chevalier of the Legion of Honour in 1900
Tiffany stained glass windows
The Tree of Life stained glass
Window of St. Augustine, in the Lightner Museum, St. Augustine, Florida
The Dream Garden by Louis Comfort Tiffany and Maxfield Parrish
Girl with Cherry Blossoms (c. 1890)
The New Creation , at Brown Memorial Presbyterian Church, Baltimore, Maryland
The Holy City , at Brown Memorial
The Baptism of Christ , at Brown Memorial
The Annunciation to the Shepherds , at Brown Memorial
Tiffany lamps
Dragonfly
Laburnum
Lotus leaf
See also
Louis C. Tiffany Garden Museum Mae Station - The railway station of the longest name in Japan.
The Louis Comfort Tiffany Foundation
Brown Memorial Presbyterian Church, Baltimore, Maryland
Notes
? "Mrs. Julia Tiffany Parker, daughter of Louis Comfort Tiffany of this city and Miami, Florida, was married to Francis Minot Weld of 720 Park Avenue yesterday afternoon at the home of the bride's sister, Mrs. Rodman Gilder, Oyster Bay, Long Island." New York Times , "Mrs. Parker Weds Francis M. Weld; Daughter of Louis Comfort Tiffany Married at Her Sister's Home in Oyster Bay, Long Island. Bridegroom, Bond Broker. He was a Captain of Artillery in World War. Bride Is Former Wife of Gurdon S. Parker," August 18, 1930.
? The Charles Hosmer Morse Museum of American Art, Hugh F. McKean , Hugh F. McKean Retrieved February 4, 2008.
? The Charles Hosmer Morse Museum of American Art, Jeannette Genius McKean , Jeannette Genius McKean Retrieved February 4, 2008.
References
The Charles Hosmer Morse Museum of American Art. Hugh F. McKean . Hugh F. McKean Retrieved February 4, 2008.
The Charles Hosmer Morse Museum of American Art. Jeannette Genius McKean . Jeannette Genius McKean Retrieved February 4, 2008.
New York Times . "Mrs. Parker Weds Francis M. Weld; Daughter of Louis Comfort Tiffany Married at Her Sister's Home in Oyster Bay, Long Island. Bridegroom, Bond Broker. He was a Captain of Artillery in World War. Bride Is Former Wife of Gurdon S. Parker." August 18, 1930.
Further reading
Logan, Ernest Edwin. The Church That Was Twice Born-A History of the First Presbyterian Church Of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 1773-1973 . Pittsburgh, PA: Pickwick-Morcraft, 1973.
External links
All links retrieved September 17, 2016.
Tiffany and The Associated Artists' work on the Mark Twain House
Press Release on Metropolitan 2006-07 exhibition about Laurelton Hall
Louis Comfort Tiffany Pictorial Histories
Willard Memorial Chapel
Tiffany Lamps - Information, Valuation and History
Louis Comfort Tiffany - Artist and Businessman
Credits
New World Encyclopedia writers and editors rewrote and completed the Wikipedia article in accordance with New World Encyclopedia standards. This article abides by terms of the Creative Commons CC-by-sa 3.0 License (CC-by-sa), which may be used and disseminated with proper attribution. Credit is due under the terms of this license that can reference both the New World Encyclopedia contributors and the selfless volunteer contributors of the Wikimedia Foundation. To cite this article click here for a list of acceptable citing formats.The history of earlier contributions by wikipedians is accessible to researchers here:
Louis_Comfort_Tiffany  history
Note: Some restrictions may apply to use of individual images which are separately licensed.
Retrieved from http://web.newworldencyclopedia.org/p/index.php?title=Louis_Comfort_Tiffany&oldid=999501
Categories: Biography Artists Credited
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Louis Comfort Tiffany Vase
Louis Comfort Tiffany (1848-1933) Vase 1900 Favrile glass H. 17.5; diam. at the opening 7.4 cm © DR - RMN-Grand Palais (Mus?e d'Orsay) / Ren?-Gabriel Oj?da
Full entry
Vase The son of Charles Tiffany, the founder of the great New York jewellers and goldsmiths Tiffany and Co, Louis Comfort Tiffany started as a painter and then worked as an interior decorator before taking an interest in glassmaking. In 1893, he set up the first glassworks known under his name, which produced many objects, stained-glass windows and light fittings over the following decades. He is particularly known for creating "favrile glass" which became the hallmark of Tiffany glass creations. "Favrile" is a 17th-century term meaning "belonging to an artist or his art", a forceful reminder of the importance of crafts in this period. Tiffany strove for the iridescent effect of antique glass giving it a lustrous colourful look by adding metal salts to the molten glass. This vase combines gold flecks, white filigree and a convolvulus pattern with rare elegance. The vase was bought for the Mus?e du Luxembourg in 1901 from the famous art dealer Siegfried Bing, whose gallery L'Art nouveau in the rue de Provence was instrumental in introducing international contemporary design to France. It had probably just been displayed at the Universal Exhibition in Paris in 1900, where Tiffany's work was much admired. Back to the list
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   The Tiffany Studios  Research Center      Specializing in the study of  Louis Comfort Tiffany, ​Tiffany Studios and Favrile Glass
Welcome to the Tiffany Studios Resource Center, developed and maintained by Paul Doros. Paul was the first Curator of Glass for the Chrysler Museum in Norfolk, Virginia and was responsible for producing the catalog of the Museum’s world-famous Tiffany collection. He later served for ten years as an expert in Christie’s Twentieth Century Decorative Arts Department, where he appraised, researched, cataloged and displayed all Tiffany objects. He has written essays for The Magazine Antiques  and the Chrysler Museum, spoken at museums and antique shows around the country and is a consultant to Sotheby's and Christie's.   ​ For questions, appraisals or comments, please contact Paul a t  lctiffany@gmail.com
Published by The Vendome Press in September 2013,  The Art Glass of Louis Comfort Tiffany  is the first major work to focus primarily on blown Favrile glass. With critics describing it as "a gem," and "probably the best single book about the artist," it  features over 175 color illustrations of rare and unique pieces, most of which have been in private collections for over 40 years. Included is a scholarly look, with archival photos, at the life of Louis Comfort Tiffany, the glass workers he employed and a detailed analysis of the glass itself. For additional information or to order a copy,​ ​ click here
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